Does a parent legally have to pay child maintenance?
Child Maintenance Service
Child Support Agency
Resident Parent: The parent who has the child (or children) live with them the majority of the time (also known as Parent with Care)
Non-Resident Parent: The parent who has the child (or children) live with them the lesser amount of time
Where neither parent is the RP or NRP, as each parent has the child (or children) equal amounts (50% each parent)
Parent with Care (also known as the Resident Parent)
A qualifying child is a child where one or more of his parents are non-resident parents.
Relevant Other Child(ren)
A Relevant Other Child or Relevant Child, is a child other than a qualifying child for whom the NRP or her/his partner receives child benefit.
This can include a child who does not live the parent all the time, i.e. because there is a shared care arrangement for her/him.
Relevant Non-Resident Child(ren)
A Relevant Non-Resident Child or Children is a child of the non-resident parent for whom an application for child support cannot be made because the non-resident parent is liable to pay maintenance for her/him under a maintenance order, an order of a non-British court or under the legislation of a country outside the UK.
This is a child who would be considered a qualifying child if an application for child support could be made for her/him.
It includes a child who does not live with the non-resident parent and a child whose care is shared between the non-resident parent and someone else.
A child who is not a qualifying child and who is habitually resident in the UK can also count as a relevant non-resident child if the non-resident parent is paying maintenance for her/him under another informal maintenance arrangement, i.e. a family-based arrangement.